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Abbé Warré's book
Beekeeping for All:

1. Printed edition

2. free e-book (PDF)

Warré Beekeeping
The Johann Ludwig Christ Hive

An identical hive concept to Warré's was first published by Pfarrer Johann Ludwig Christ (1739-1813) in his book Anweisung zur nützlichen and angenehmen Bienenzucht für alle Gegenden which was first published in 1779. The contents of this page are based on the second edition of 1783 which has been transcribed from Old German by Eric Zeissloff and published by him in limited quantities.

Christ appears to have got the idea for his hive from straw magazine hives which are extendable indefinitely by adding further ekes underneath.

christ.jpg (72956 bytes)

The following table compares Abbé Warré's hive with that of Pfarrer Christ:

Feature Warré Christ
Inside plan size 300 x 300 mm Between 298 x 298 mm (if wall thickness is 27 mm) or 304 x 304 mm (if wall thickness 24 mm)
Comb height 200 mm 122 mm
Shuttered windows None (only in the Frèrès-Guillaume modification) 190 x 68 mm in each box at the rear
Entrance 120 x 15 mm, via floor board 108 x 34 mm in the bottom edge of the front of each box with built in perforated closer and entrance restrictor. The entrance of only the bottom box is open.
Floor Flat board with entrance notch and alighting board fixed underneath Flat board extending 189 mm in front of the entrance and the whole width of the hive.
Cover Coarse cloth on top-bars, wood edged quilt over this containing natural insulating material retained with a coarse cloth Wooden board with window
Roof Gabled roof with ventilated cavity Gabled roof only if the hive is not in a roofed bee stand
Top-bars 8 x 24 mm wide bars at 36 mm centres 6 x 27 mm wide bars; spacing not stated
Honey yield per box 12 kg 4.59 kg 
Wintering One box of honey, one box of drawn comb below the honey Two boxes of honey, two boxes of drawn comb below the honey
Separating boxes Slight rotation after easing with hive tool Draw a piano wire through from front to back, combs cold-way

More details of the Christ hive are included in a PDF.

Rudi Maurer at Villmar in Germany has built and populated a Christ hive. See his detailed account of it at http://www.afz-derwald.de/online/109565/BauAnl-Maurer-Christbeute-korr.pdf . The following photos are kindly sent by Rudi Maurer. They show a 7-box Christ hive and the top and underside views of one box.

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So that Christ's contribution is not forgotten, the Gesellschaft der Freunde der Landesanstalt für Bienenkunde (Society of Friends of the State Centre for Apiculture) at the University of Hohenheim, Germany, awards the 'Johann Ludwig Christ Medal' for distinguished work in the practice and knowledge of apiculture ( https://www.uni-hohenheim.de/bienenkunde/freunde/index.html ).

Acknowledgement: We thank Eric Zeissloff for making Christ's book available. For details on how to order the book contact him by email: z.eric (at) onlinehome.de.