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Abbé Warré's book
Johann Ludwig Christ Hive
An identical hive concept to Warré's was first published by Pfarrer Johann Ludwig Christ (1739-1813) in his book Anweisung zur nützlichen and angenehmen Bienenzucht für alle Gegenden which was first published in 1779. The contents of this page are based on the second edition of 1783 which has been transcribed from Old German by Eric Zeissloff and published by him in limited quantities.
Christ appears to have got the idea for his hive from straw magazine hives which are extendable indefinitely by adding further ekes underneath.
The following table compares Abbé Warré's hive with that of Pfarrer Christ:
More details of the Christ hive are included in a PDF.
Rudi Maurer at Villmar in Germany has built and populated a Christ hive. See his detailed account of it at https://www.bienenundnatur.de/wp-content/uploads/2016/11/Bauanleitung-Christsche-Schaubeute.pdf. The following photos are kindly sent by Rudi Maurer. They show a 7-box Christ hive and the top and underside views of one box.
So that Christ's contribution is not forgotten, the Gesellschaft der Freunde der Landesanstalt für Bienenkunde (Society of Friends of the State Centre for Apiculture) at the University of Hohenheim, Germany, awards the 'Johann Ludwig Christ Medal' for distinguished work in the practice and knowledge of apiculture ( https://www.uni-hohenheim.de/bienenkunde/freunde/index.html ).
Acknowledgement: We thank Eric Zeissloff for making Christ's book available. For details on how to order the book contact him by email: eric.zeissloff (at) free.fr.